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Brought to you by John Sciarra, Bernard's Garage - AUTOMOTIVE INSIDER -

BERNARD'S GARAGE - John SciarraSummer's imminent arrival means your vehicle's air conditioning system will soon be under serious strain.

If your A/C isn't as frosty as it used to be, but it's still blowing cold, the system may need to be recharged.

Manufacturers used to use a type of refrigerant known as R-12, or Freon, until researchers found it caused ozone depletion. As such, it's illegal to use Freon in vehicles built after 1994. Now, manufacturers use R-134a to keep things cold in the cabin.

Working on an air conditioning system is about as much fun as sticking your hand in a blender. Twice.

Unless you are skilled in vehicle maintenance, it’s safest to take the job to a professional.

An AC compressor is usually driven by your vehicle's serpentine belt, and as it spins, it pressurizes the system's refrigerant. It's this change in pressure that cools the air coming into your cabin. The best way to keep your compressor from failing is to have your A/C system serviced once a year.

If your compressor needs replacement, most responsible shops will recommend swapping out a number of periphery components at the same time.

Why? The easy answer is working on an air conditioning system is about as fun as sticking your hand in a blender. Twice.

To avoid draining your refrigerant, removing your compressor, installing a new unit and refilling the system with new cool stuff — only to have you come back in a week and say it's still not cold enough — it makes sense to replace the necessary components.

Bernard’s Garage

2036 SE Washington St., Milwaukie



Brought to you by Mike Nielsen of Snap Fitness - FITNESS INSIDER -

SNAP FITNESS - Mike NielsenAs the inspirational saying goes, “Live less out of habit and more out of intent.”

While it’s true that starting a fitness routine can be difficult, I offer the following tips to get you in the gym door and on the road to good health.

Assessment — New SNAP Fitness clients receive a free jump-start session, including consultation with a trainer. The assessment determines the client’s baseline, helps us guide their first steps, and is an opportunity to discuss adding personal training.

Cardio — The national recommendation for exercise for all ages and fitness levels is to get to the gym at least three days per week, and to do a minimum of 30 minutes of cardio per visit. Working out with a friend will make it more fun, help you feel more accountable, help you stay at the gym for more months and achieve a higher level of success.

Strength training is key to replacing fat with muscle, becoming leaner, stronger and improving balance. Do two to three sessions of strength training per week.

Nutritional guidelines — Instead of eating three large meals per day, eat five to six small meals. This will fuel your energy throughout the day and avoid post-meal sluggishness. Also drink 96 ounces of water daily.

Online help — SNAP has a complete online nutritional program and training center. Free with membership, it provides a personalized workout plan, sample menus and a complete library of instruction videos.

Snap Fitness

Milwaukie: 4200 SE King Rd.



Oregon City: 19703 S. Hwy. 213, Ste. 170



Brought to you by Mike Nielsen - Snap Fitness - Fitness INSIDER

Mike Nielsen, Snap FitnessStrength training is an essential part of an exercise program, even for someone who hasn’t been active in a while.

Lifting weights, using weight machines and doing core work increases muscle mass and bone density.

As we age, our muscles deteriorate (called sarcopenia) and bone density decreases.

Research shows that seniors are more susceptible to bone breakage that younger adults. As people age, their metabolism slows down. We are seeing more and more seniors joining gyms.

If we take the average adult between the ages of 40 and 50 and do basic strength-training three to four times per week for 90 days, the outcome can be life-changing.

Here’s a myth-buster: Muscle does NOT weigh more than fat! A pound is a pound. 

Muscle is, however, more dense than body fat and takes up less area than fat. If you were to start an exercise program complete with strength training, you would increase your lean body mass and decrease body fat.

The body takes up less space and metabolism speeds up, resulting in a higher BMR (base metabolic rate, the amount of daily caloric intake needed to maintain LBM and weight.) This reverses sarcopenia and increases bone density.   

Not everyone walks into a gym and knows exactly what to do. Snap gives new members an opportunity to meet with a Certified Personal Trainer, who assesses their body and their goals. 

Let’s get started.

Snap Fitness

Milwaukie: 4200 SE King Rd.



Oregon City: 19703 S. Hwy. 213, Ste. 170



Brought to you by John Sciarra, Bernard's Garage - AUTO MAINTENANCE INSIDER

John Sciarra, Bernard's GarageRegular maintenance on your car is, quite simply, a good investment.

For example, when you bring your car in for a timing belt — typically needed at 90,000 to 100,000 miles— it costs in the range of $400 to $500. But if it breaks, it might be $1,800 to $2,000.

At our shop, when we do it, we do it right. With the timing belt, we also replace the timing belt tensioner, idler pulleys, camshaft seals, water pump and coolant.

Mileage interval maintenance, which is only done by shops, should be done at 30,000, 60,000 and 90,000 miles.

The ideal scenario is to get the car into the shop about three times per year for inspections, which will find things like rodent damage, which is more common than you might think. It’s mainly squirrels in this area.

An inspection will also uncover leaking coolant or oil, as well as plugged-up air filters. Once a year, you should get a brake inspection.

We do complete automotive repair, including pre-purchase inspections for $150. That’s a comprehensive inspection, which can detect unforeseen problems and save you from buying a compromised vehicle.

Our average cost for an oil change is $38; $58 for a brake inspection.

It’s a small investment. We do it properly and can save you a lot of trouble and expense down the road.

Bernard’s Garage

2036 SE Washington St., Milwaukie



Mike Nielsen - Snap Fitness - Fitness INSIDER

SNAP FITNESS - Mike Nielsen“We are a friendly, success-oriented fitness center,” says Mike Nielsen, vice president and co-owner of Snap Fitness locations in Oregon City, Milwaukie and Canby. “We’re like the ‘Cheers’ of the gym world, where everybody knows your name.”

Nielsen has been a certified fitness coach for 13 years and has been with Snap for eight years. He says being a fitness coach is all about helping individuals achieve the best version of themselves.

“It’s not just something that’s done at the gym, but it’s a lifestyle change,” he said of Snap. “We focus on not only the physical but also the mental and emotional aspects of everyday life, to make sure we are able to achieve long-term success.”

He says Snap gyms have a family feel and a personal touch.

The gyms are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with monitored access for safety. Snap has more than 1,500 locations nationwide.

The fitness centers offer cardio, personal training, weight-loss programs, a health center, strength training and Olympic lifting. An online web page for members offers nutrition counseling and an online training center.

“Our members are our greatest assets,” Nielsen added. “We do all we can to make sure they have not only the best facility and equipment, but a wonderful experience.”

Snap Fitness


Milwaukie: 4200 SE King Rd.


Oregon City: 19703 S. Hwy. 213, Ste. 170


Canby: 1109 SW 1st Ave.


Brought to you by John Sciarra - Bernard's Garage - AUTOMOTIVE INSIDER -

BERNARD'S GARAGE - John SciarraAfter nearly 100 years of providing excellent full-service automotive repair and maintenance, Bernard’s Garage is a classic Milwaukie institution trusted by generations of customers.

Founded in 1925, old timers and area residents still remember Joe Bernard Sr., who would design and build custom car parts when his customers’ vehicles needed it. Joe Bernard Jr., a former Milwaukie mayor, helped modernize Bernard’s and continued his father’s tradition of excellent customer service.

The current owner, Jim Bernard, another Milwaukie mayor and current Clackamas County commissioner, has computerized Bernard’s—turning his father’s mechanics into today’s technicians.

Besides providing free pickup and delivery, Bernard’s offers DEQ repair and adjustments, check-engine light diagnosis, manufacturer-scheduled maintenance, brakes, steering and suspension repair, timing belt tune-ups, radiator and water pump work, as well as engine, transmission and air conditioning service.

“We are straight shooters and will let you know what the problem is and what the cost is upfront,” Operations Manager John Sciarra says.

Sciarra, an 18 year veteran of Bernard’s, has attained numerous specialty vehicle class certifications. With 26 years in the industry overall, Sciarra is our INSIDER for automotive excellence.

Bernard’s Garage is a 17-year-long supporter of the Milwaukie Farmers Market, a Milwaukie First Friday participant and frequently donates to the Annie Ross House, Milwaukie Senior Center and other local schools and events.

A member of the Clackamas County Chamber of Commerce since 1955, Bernard’s has been named Business of the Year twice since 2000, and has received the BRAG award from the county for practicing responsible recycling and waste management.

Bernard's Garage 

2036 SE Washington St, Milwaukie, OR.

(503) 659-7722


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Mothers' trial begins for 2012 murder of son


Prosecutors say confession from boyfriend was to protect real culprit

DutroOpening arguments began this week in the case of Jessica Dutro, the 25-year-old mother of four accused of beating her 4-year-old son to death at a Tigard homeless shelter in 2012.

Senior Deputy District Attorney Megan Johnson and Deputy District Attorney Dustin Staten say the trial, which began on Monday in Judge Don LeTourneau's courtroom in Washington County Circuit Court, will prove Dutro beat her son Zachary so badly that she punctured his intestine in two places, causing internal damage that led to his death.

Zachary Kamaoka Dutro-Boggess was staying with his mother, her boyfriend Brian Canady and his three siblings at the Good Neighbor Center homeless shelter on Southwest Greenburg Road in August 2012.

Before coming to the shelter, the family was living in the 400 block of High Street in Oregon City.

Severe abuse

On Aug. 12, 2012, Zachary was lethargic, had diarrhea and was vomiting, Staten said.

These symptoms continued and worsened through his birthday on Aug. 14, when he was unable to eat dinner and returned to his room to rest.

On the morning of Aug. 15, Zachary wouldn’t wake up.

Canady and Dutro reportedly put the boy in the shower to see if the water would revive him, but Zachary’s body was like a ragdoll, Dutro told police in a taped interview.

“His head fell back, and his eyes started to roll,” Dutro told Tigard police in an interview on Aug. 14, which was played for the jury on Tuesday.

When first responders arrived to take the boy to the hospital, they knew there was something wrong, said Staten.

“He had blood on his mouth and a sore on his mouth," Staten said. “They didn't know why 911 hadn’t been called sooner.”

The boy was transported to Randall Children's Hospital at Legacy Emanuel, where he died of his wounds on Aug. 16, 2012.

Dutro said at the time that she didn’t know how the boy could have sustained his injuries, but Staten argued that’s just not possible.

“The surgeons knew that these injuries were either from a bad car accident or trauma that parents would notice,” Staten said. “But there were no reports of that.”

Like an army

In recorded interviews with police, Dutro claimed she runs her family like an army.

Residents and staff saw the children rarely, Staten said. When they did, the children were well behaved.

“Staff saw them march from their room to dinner, and after they ate, they would put their heads down and wait for the parents to be done,” Staten told the court Monday. “It was militaristic behavior.”

Dutro's court appointed attorney Chris Coburn doesn’t deny that Dutro engaged in what he called “unusual parenting,” but said it didn’t make her a murderer.

“You may find that it crosses a line to being unreasonable,” Coburn told the jury during his opening argument. “But you won’t hear from a single credible source that she caused serious injuries and murdered her child.”

Staten said Dutro and Canady gave the children a “lickin’” when they disobeyed.

A lickin', said Tigard Police Detective Yonsoo Lee, who testified on Monday, was a term used in the Dutro family to refer to swats, spankings or other physical discipline that Dutro and Canady would use. The children also received, “dirty lickin’s,” which were punches, blows, kicks and other forms of assault.

Dutro denied using physical discipline on Zachary to police, and said she had no idea how the boy could have been hurt so severely.

Zachary Dutro-BoggessThere was always someone with the kids at all times, Dutro told police.

Dutro was working at Affiliated Computer Services, a call center in Tigard, during the day, and Canady was working at Kershaw Knives in Tualatin at night. The children were never out of their sight, Dutro told police.

Lee said Canady later confessed to kicking Zachary with his shoes on while he was upset with another resident at the shelter.

The couple was arrested on Aug. 20, 2012. Canady was initially charged with murder, and Dutro was charged with withholding medical treatment from the boy.

But prosecutors now say that isn’t what really happened.

Dirty lickin’

Staten said Canady confessed in order to protect Dutro. In truth, it was Dutro who delivered the last beating to the boy, Staten said.

“Zachary lived a life where he was physically assaulted on numerous occasions, which caused his passing,” Staten said.

Staten said Canady saw Dutro physically assaulting Zachary on Aug. 14, Zachary’s fourth birthday. She allegedly threw the boy to the ground and stomped on him, Detective Lee said.

Lee said during his testimony that Dutro called Canady at work to say she gave the boy “a ‘dirty lickin’ for acting out” later in the day as well.

After the boy’s death, Dutro reportedly told Canady’s father that she “took it too far this time," Staten said.

Coburn said Canady’s claim was the latest in a string of evolving stories about what happened that week.

Coburn told the court it was Canady who killed Zachary, he had said so himself when he admitted to kicking the boy following an argument with another resident at the shelter.

A child at the shelter reportedly heard commotion coming from the family’s room while Dutro was out of the room on Aug. 12.

“She said that what she heard scared her,” Coburn said. “That was when the blow was being administered by Brian Canady.”

Coburn argued that Canady was the physically abusive parent.

“That’s Brian Canady,” Coburn said. “And this isn’t the ‘State v. Brian Canady.’ It’s the ‘State v. Jessica Dutro.’”

Dutro faces five counts of murder, including murder by abuse, as well as second-degree assault.

‘She forgot that she didn’t hit us’

Two of Jessica Dutro’s other children also showed signs of abuse, said Deputy District Attorney Dustin Staten.

Her daughter had bruises on her back as well as marks and bumps on other parts of her body. Her 3-year-old son had healing rib fractures.

Dutro’s three oldest children are from a previous relationship. Her youngest — who was an infant while the family was staying at the Good Neighbor Center — is Brian Canady’s biological son.

“All but the baby showed signs of abuse,” Tigard Police Det. Yonsoo Lee told the court on Monday.

On Tuesday, the prosecution played a taped interview Tigard Police had with Zachary’s then-7-year-old sister.

At first, Dutro never hit her, she told police, but that changed.

“But then she forgot that she didn't hit us, and that changed to where she did hit us now,” the girl told investigators.

Dutro’s daughter told police she witnessed an incident shortly before Zachary's death, when she saw her mother and Canady beating Zachary.

“They hitted Kamaoka,” she told Tigard Police, calling Zachary by his middle name. “Then stuff came up in his tummy, and he started not talking or breathing and stuff, and making all these weird sounds.”

Dutro’s daughter told Tigard Police she and her siblings would receive beatings when they misbehaved, or be forced to stand against the wall with their arms raised high for several minutes.

“They only hurted Kamaoka because he didn't listen to them,” she told police. “They kicked him and punched him and kept doing it and doing it. They knew he was sick and stuff, but didn't tell anybody.”